By Peter Berkowitz

Constitutional Conservatism

Constitutional Conservatism

Israel and the Struggle Over the International Laws of War

Israel and the Struggle Over the International Laws of War

Virtue and Modern Liberalism

Virtue and the Making of Modern Liberalism

Virtue and Modern Liberalism

Nietzsche: The Ethics of an Immoralist

Edited by Peter Berkowitz
Hoover Institution Press

Future of American Intel cover

The Future of American Intelligence

Terrorism, the Laws of War, and the Constitution:
Debating the Enemy Combatant Cases

Varieties of Progressivism
in America

Varieties of Conservatism
in America

Never a Matter of Indifference cover

Never a Matter of Indifference:
Sustaining Virtue
in a Free Republic






Future Challenges

Future Challenges
in National Security
and Law

A collaborative effort of
The Hoover Institution’s
Koret-Taube Task Force on National Security and Law,
this essay series explores a variety of emerging national security and law challenges.

Hoover Studies
in Politics, Economics,
and Society

published by Rowman and Littlefield in cooperation with
Hoover Institution Press

General Editors: Peter Berkowitz
and Tod Lindberg

Stay of Execution

Stay of Execution:
Saving the Death Penalty from Itself

by Charles Lane

Advancing Democracy Abroad

Advancing Democracy Abroad:
Why We Should and How We Can

by Michael McFaul

Victorious and Vulnerable

Victorious and Vulnerable:
Why Democracy Won
in the Twentieth Century
and How It Is Still Imperiled

by Azar Gat

Unchecked and Unbalanced

Unchecked and Unbalanced:
How the Discrepancy Between
Knowledge and Power
Caused the Financial Crisis
and Threatens Democracy

by Arnold Kling

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Political Philosophy

New Republic Falls Short of the True Liberalism It Champions
A review of Insurrections of the Mind, edited by Franklin Foer
Real Clear Politics, Oct. 13, 2014

Obama and Islam: A Tale of Three Speeches
Real Clear Politics, Sept. 23, 2014

Addressing the Crisis in Liberal Education -- Too Liberally
A review of Excellent Sheep by William Deresiewicz
Real Clear Politics, Aug. 30, 2014

Leo Strauss's Political Philosophy: Reviled But Redeemed
A review of Leo Strauss and the Problem of Political Philosophy by Michael P. Zuckert and Catherine H. Zuckert
Real Clear Politics, Aug. 16, 2014
Revised and expanded version

Burmese Visitors Get a Taste of Democracy and Hope
Real Clear Politics, July 25, 2014

The Left's Hollow Complaints About Hobby Lobby
Real Clear Politics, July 12, 2014

Obama's "Drop the Politics" Plea: Demagoguery in Disguise
Real Clear Politics, July 8, 2014

An Open Letter to Swarthmore's Board of Managers
Real Clear Politics, June 28, 2014

A Practical Plan for Recalibrating Conservatism
A review of Room to Grow: Conservative Reforms for a Limited Government and a Thriving Middle Class by Peter Wehner, et al.
Real Clear Politics, June 9, 2014

A Practical Plan for Recalibrating Conservatism
Real Clear Politics, June 9, 2014

A Conservative's Case for Moderation
A review of The Meaning of Conservatism by Roger Scruton
Real Clear Politics, May 14, 2014

Giving Liberalism Its Due -- and Taking It to Task
A review of Liberalism: The Life of an Idea by Edmund Fawcett
Real Clear Politics, May 8, 2014

Kibbe's Tea Party Rx Lacks Key Ingredient: Compromise
A review of Don’t Hurt People and Don’t Take Their Stuff: A Libertarian Manifesto by Matt Kibbe
Real Clear Politics, May 1, 2014

Gay-Marriage Backers, Admirably Open to Dissent
Real Clear Politics, Apr. 23, 2014

Peter Schuck's Rx for Big Government's Ills
Real Clear Politics, Mar. 25, 2014

The Spirit of Conservative Reform
Real Clear Politics, Feb. 8, 2014

A Case of Faculty Discrimination Based on Politics
The Wall Street Journal, Feb. 8, 2014

Exceptionalism Doesn't Work That Way
A response to Peter Beinart
National Journal, Feb. 1, 2014

Debate Club
A review of The Great Debate: Edmund Burke, Thomas Paine, and the Birth of Right and Left by Yuval Levin
The New Criterion, Feb. 2014

Secrecy and Accountability in a Digital Age
Republished from The Briefing
Real Clear Politics, Jan. 16, 2014

Obamacare and the Assault on Individual Liberty
Real Clear Politics, Jan. 11, 2014

Liberals' Love-Hate Relationship with the Law
Real Clear Politics, Dec. 2, 2013

Church, State and Neutrality: A Helpful Guidebook
A review of Defending American Religious Neutrality by Andrew Koppelman
Real Clear Politics, Nov. 11, 2013

The Harm in Hate Speech Laws
A review of The Harm in Hate Speech by Jeremy Waldron
The Hedgehog Review, Fall 2013
PDF version

We Need a Realistic Path to Government Reform
A review of The Liberty Amendments by Mark Levin
Real Clear Politics, Oct. 16, 2013

The Intransigence of Progressivism
Real Clear Politics, Sept. 21, 2013

The Decalogue and Liberal Democracy
Response to Leon R. Kass on The Ten Commandments
Mosaic, June 11, 2013

The Flawed Case Tying Conservatism to Racism
Real Clear Politics, Mar. 5, 2013

A conversation about conservatism (part 2)
The continuation of a Q&A about Constitutional Conservatism: Liberty, Self-Government, and Political Moderation
Right Turn,, Feb. 10, 2013

A conversation about conservatism
A Q&A about Constitutional Conservatism: Liberty, Self-Government, and Political Moderation
Right Turn,, Feb. 8, 2013

Conservative Survival in a Progressive Age
The Wall Street Journal, Dec. 12, 2012

Burke Between Liberty and Tradition
Policy Review, Dec. 2012/Jan. 2013

The Constitution and Globalization
A review of Taming Globalization: International Law, the U.S. Constitution, and the New World Order by Julian Ku and John Yoo
Policy Review, Aug./Sept. 2012

Reading into the Constitution
A review of Living Originalism by Jack M. Balkin
Policy Review, June/July 2012

Why Colleges Don't Teach the Federalist Papers
The Wall Street Journal, May 7, 2012

Zionism, Health Care and the Illiberalism of Progressive Minds
Real Clear Politics, Apr. 8, 2012

How California's Colleges Indoctrinate Students
The Wall Street Journal, Mar. 31, 2012

Burke's Words Should Hearten Dismayed Conservatives
Real Clear Politics, Feb. 25, 2012

Gordon Wood's America
A review of The Idea of America: Reflections on the Birth of the United States, by Gordon Wood
Policy Review, Dec. 2011/Jan. 2012

Religion in America
A review of American Grace: How Religion Divides and Unites Us, by Robert D. Putnam and David E. Campbell
Policy Review, Oct./Nov. 2011

The Myth of Conservative Purity
The Wall Street Journal, Sept. 7, 2011

Clarence Thomas, Plato and 'Grand Theft Auto'
The Wall Street Journal, July 1, 2011

Truman, Reagan, and Bush Were Right, Feb. 23, 2011

Criticizing Elites, Cultivating Excellence, Feb. 10, 2011

What Would a Return to the Constitution Entail?, Jan. 7, 2011

Obama and the State of Progressivism, 2011
Policy Review, Dec. 2010/Jan. 2011

The Cheshire Cat Conservative
A review of Athwart History: Half a Century of Polemics, Animadversions, and Illuminations: A William F. Buckley Jr. Omnibus, edited by Linda Bridges and Roger Kimball
Policy Review, Oct./Nov. 2010

The Death of Conservatism Was Greatly Exaggerated
The Wall Street Journal, Aug. 28, 2010

The New Progressivism: Same as the Old Progressivism?, Jan. 21, 2010

Universal Questioner
Speech delivered at the May 2009 Oslo Freedom Forum
Hoover Digest, Winter 2010

Alive and Well
A review of Reappraising the Right: The Past and Future of American Conservatism by George H. Nash
The Weekly Standard, Dec. 28, 2009

A Exaggerated Death
A review of The Death of Conservatism by Sam Tanenhaus
National Review Online, Sept. 3, 2009

A review of The Conservatives: Ideas and Personalities Throughout American History by Patrick Allitt
Policy Review, Aug./Sept. 2009

Conservatism and the University Curriculum
The Wall Street Journal, June 13, 2009

God and John Rawls
A review of A Brief Inquiry into the Meaning of Sin and Faith by John Rawls, edited by Thomas Nagel.
Policy Review, June/July 2009

His Liberal Hour
A review of The Future of Liberalism by Alan Wolfe
The Weekly Standard, May 25, 2009

Pragmatism Obama Style
The Weekly Standard, May 4, 2009

The European Left and Ours
Policy Review, Dec. 2008/Jan. 2009

Towering Ivories
A review of Save the World on Your Own Time by Stanley Fish
The Weekly Standard, Nov. 3, 2008

Leviathan Then and Now
Policy Review, Oct./Nov. 2008

Bookends: 11/9 and 9/11
A review of America Between the Wars‚ From 11/9 to 9/11: The Misunderstood Years Between the Fall of the Berlin Wall and the Start of the War on Terror by Derek Chollet and James Goldgeier, and The Return of History and the End of Dreams by Robert Kagan
World Affairs, Fall 2008

The Persistence of Religion
A review of A Secular Age by Charles Taylor
The Claremont Review of Books, Spring 2008

On Toleration
A review of Pernicious Tolerance: How Teaching to "Accept Differences" Undermines Civil Society by Robert Weissberg, and Regulating Aversion: Tolerance in the Age of Identity and Empire by Wendy Brown
The American Interest, Mar./Apr. 2008

Teaching The Federalist in South Korea
National Review Online, Feb. 29, 2008

What Is a University for?
A review of Education's End: Why Our Colleges and Universities Have Given Up on the Meaning of Life by Anthony T. Kronman
Policy Review, Dec. 2007/Jan. 2008

Contested Authority
A review of The Stillborn God by Mark Lilla
The Wall Street Journal, Sept. 15, 2007

American Creed
A review of Americanism: The Fourth Great American Religion by David Gelernter
The New York Post, July 15, 2007

Spinoza's Religion
A review of Betraying Spinoza: The Renegade Jew Who Gave Us Modernity by Rebecca Goldstein
Policy Review, June/July 2007
PDF version

The Conservative Mind
The Wall Street Journal, May 29, 2007

Proudly Liberal
A review of Freedom's Power: The True Force of Liberalism by Paul Starr
Policy Review, Apr./May 2007
PDF version

Illiberal Liberalism
A review of Is Democracy Possible Here? Principles for a New Political Debate by Ronald Dworkin
First Things, Apr. 2007

Excommunication for Thee
The Weekly Standard, Feb. 26, 2007

The Longer Way
in Why I Turned Right: Leading Baby Boom Conservatives Chronicle Their Political Journeys, ed. Mary Eberstadt (Simon and Schuster, 2007)

Liberal Education, Then and Now
Essay based on a lecture originally titled John Stuart Mill's Idea of a University, and Our Own, delivered at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland, Sept. 15, 2006, at a symposium honoring the 200th anniversary of Mill's birth and the address on liberal education he delivered there in 1867.
Policy Review, Dec. 2006/Jan. 2007
PDF version

Partisan Freedom
A review of Whose Freedom: The Battle Over America's Most Important Idea by George Lakoff
Policy Review, Oct./Nov. 2006
PDF version

War-Torn Democrats
A review of With All Our Might: A Progressive Strategy for Defeating Jihadism and Defending Liberty, ed. Will Marshall, and The Good Fight: Why Liberals -- and Only Liberals -- Can Win the War on Terror and Make America Great Again by Peter Beinart
Policy Review, Aug./Sept. 2006
PDF version

When Liberalism Was Young
A review of John Stuart Mill: A Biography by Nicholas Capaldi
The Claremont Review of Books, Summer 2006

Gentlemen Revolutionaries
A review of Revolutionary Characters: What Made The Founders Different by Gordon S. Wood
Policy Review, June/July 2006

The Ambiguities of Rawls's Influence
Perspectives on Politics (Vol. 4/No. 1), Mar. 2006, pp. 121-127

Democratizing the Constitution
A review of Active Liberty: Interpreting our Democratic Constitution by Stephen Breyer
Policy Review, Dec. 2005/Jan. 2006

Democracy's Challenge
An introduction to Democracy Dialogues, a Web site produced and maintained by the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of International Information Programs

The Court, the Constitution, and the Culture of Freedom
Policy Review, Aug./Sept. 2005

Laws of Nations
A review of A New World Order by Anne-Marie Slaughter, The Limits of International Law by Jack Goldsmith and Eric Posner, and Law without Nations? Why Constitutional Government Requires Sovereign States by Jeremy Rabkin
Policy Review, Apr./May 2005

Enlightenment Rightly Understood
A review of The Roads to Modernity: The British, French and American Enlightenments by Gertrude Himmelfarb
Policy Review, Dec. 2004/Jan. 2005

Tabloid Scholarship
A review of Leo Strauss and the Politics of American Empire by Anne Norton
The New York Post, Oct. 3, 2004

Liberalism and Power
in Beyond Power and Paradise, ed. Tod Lindberg
New York: Routledge, 2004

Lubavitchers and Liberals
A review of Lubavitchers as Citizens: A Paradox of Liberal Democracy by Jan Feldman
Policy Review, Aug./Sept. 2004

The Liberal Spirit in America
Policy Review, Aug./Sept. 2003, pp. 29-47

The Demagoguery of Democratic Theory
Critical Review, vol. 15, nos. 1-2, Winter-Spring 2003

What Hath Strauss Wrought
The Weekly Standard, June 2, 2003

The Academic Liberal
The Weekly Standard, Dec. 16, 2002

Reasonable Doubts
A review of Evil in Modern Thought: An Alternative History of Modern Philosophy by Susan Neiman, and Truth and Truthfulness: An Essay in Genealogy by Bernard Williams
The Washington Post, Dec. 15, 2002, p. BW04

Byron at Ground Zero
A review of Romantics at War: Glory and Guilt in the Age of Terrorism by George P. Fletcher
The New Republic, November 4, 2002, pp. 31- 37

The Pathos of the Kass Report
A review of Human Cloning and Human Dignity: An Ethical Inquiry, a report by the President's Council on Bioethics
Policy Review, Oct./Nov. 2002, pp. 71-78

Beyond Good and Evil
A review of Nietzsche: A Philosophical Biography by Rüdiger Safranski, trans. Shelley Frisch, and Zarathustra's Secret: The Interior Life of Friedrich Nietzsche by Joachim Köhler, trans. Ronald Taylor
The Washington Post, p. BW15, Aug. 18, 2002

Fish Story
The New Republic Online, June 28, 2002

After Autonomy
A review of Liberal Pluralism: The Implications of Value Pluralism for Political Theory and Practice by William Galston
The Weekly Standard, June 17, 2002, pp. 35-39

In Praise of Balance
A review of The Ship of State by Norma Thompson
The New Republic, May 20, 2002, pp. 41-45

John Rawls and the Liberal Faith
The Wilson Quarterly, Spring 2002, pp. 60-69

Giving Sophistry a Bad Name
The Weekly Standard, Dec. 31, 2001/Jan. 7, 2002, pp. 18-19

Money and Love
A review of Economic Sentiments by Emma Rothschild
The New Republic, Oct. 1, 2001, pp. 41-45

Questioning America
A review of Moral Freedom by Alan Wolfe
The Weekly Standard, June 25, 2001, pp. 34-37

Virtue and Poverty
A review of Fighting Poverty with Virtue by Joel Schwartz
The Public Interest, Summer 2001, pp. 116-120

Complex, My Dear Holmes
A review of Law without Values by Albert W. Alschuler
Times Literary Supplement, May 25, 2001, p. 14

Puppy Love
The New Republic Online, Mar. 8, 2001

A review of Conflict of Interest in American Public Life by Andrew Stark
The New Republic, Mar. 5, 2001, pp. 40-44

Freedom and the Vulnerabilities of Virtue
45 American Journal of Jurisprudence 51, 2000, pp. 55-63

And Lofty Flowed the Don
A review of The Cunning of Unreason by John Dunn
The New Republic, Nov. 13, 2000, pp. 42-45

Wooed by Freedom?
A review of Wing to Wing, Oar to Oar, ed. Amy Kass and Leon Kass
The Atlantic Monthly, Oct. 2000, pp. 128-133

Sensitivity Isn't Enough
A review of Virtue, Reason and Toleration by Glen Newey
The London Review of Books, Sept. 7, 2000, pp. 17-18

Easy Virtue
A review of Sovereign Virtue by Ronald Dworkin
National Review, August 28, 2000, pp. 43-45

Liberty at War with Itself?
A review of In the Name of Liberalism: Illiberal Social Policy in the United States and Britain by Desmond King
The Times Literary Supplement, August 25, 2000, p. 28

The Futility of Utility
A review of Law and Social Norms by Eric A. Posner
The New Republic, June 5, 2000, pp. 38-44

Giving Liberalism Its Due
Institute of United States Studies, University of London, 2000

Hobbes and Rousseau in Israel
A commentary
The Jewish Political Tradition, vol. 1, ed. Michael Walzer
Yale University Press, 2000, pp. 497-500

The Principle Problem
A review of The Trouble with Principle by Stanley Fish
The Weekly Standard, Mar. 20, 2000, pp. 27-31

Liberalism's Discontents
A review of The Betrayal of Liberalism: How the Disciples of Freedom and Equality Helped Foster the Illiberal Politics of Coercion and Control, ed. Hilton Kramer and Roger Kimball
The Weekly Standard, Feb. 21, 2000, pp. 33-35

Other People's Mothers
A review of A Darwinian Left: Politics, Evolution and Cooperation by Peter Singer, and Practical Ethics (2nd edition) by Peter Singer
The New Republic, Jan. 10, 2000, pp. 27-37

Response and Restatement
Symposium: Virtue and the Making of Modern Liberalism
The Yale Journal of Ethics, Dec. 1999, pp. 5-15

Feminism vs. Multiculturalism? The Liberal Project at Odds with Itself
A review of Is Multiculturalism Bad for Women? by Susan Moller Okin and respondents, eds. Joshua Cohen, Matthew Howard and Martha C. Nussbaum
The Weekly Standard, Nov. 1, 1999, pp. 40-43

Reduction and Betrayal
A review of The Problematics of Moral and Legal Theory by Richard A. Posner
The New Republic, August 23, 1999, pp. 38-45

The Pearl Diver
A review of The Attack of the Blob: Hannah Arendt's Concept of the Social by Hanna Fenichel Pitkin
The New Republic, June 14, 1999, pp. 44-52

Toward a More Complex Liberalism
A review of The Virtues of Liberalism by James Kloppenberg
The Boston Book Review, Oct. 1998, p. 25

Fear and Thinking
A review of Political Thought and Political Thinkers by Judith N. Shklar, ed. Stanley Hoffmann; and Redeeming Political Thought by Judith N. Shklar, eds. Stanley Hoffmann and Dennis F. Thompson
The New Republic, July 13, 1998, pp. 34-39

Can Liberalism be Saved?
A review of Achieving our Country: Leftist Thought in Twentieth Century America by Richard Rorty
Commentary, June 1998, pp. 75-78

The Reason of Revelation
A review of Jewish Philosophy and the Crisis of Modernity: Essays and Lectures in Modern Jewish Thought by Leo Strauss, ed. Kenneth Hart Green
The Weekly Standard, May 25, 1998, pp. 31-34

Book Review
A review of Free Markets and Social Justice by Cass R. Sunstein
The American Political Science Review, Mar. 1998, pp. 213-214

Book Review
A review of The Cambridge Companion to Nietzsche, eds. Kathleen Higgins and Bernd Magnus
The Philosophical Review, Mar. 1998, pp. 340-342

Liberalism Strikes Back
A review of The Era of the Individual: A Contribution to a History of Subjectivity by Alain Renaut, trans. M.B. DeBevoise and Franklin Philip
The New Republic, Dec. 15, 1997, pp. 32-37

Between Principles: Liberal Democracy and the Communitarian Challenge
in Democracy: The Challenges Ahead, eds. Yossi Shain and Aharon Klieman
London: MacMillan, 1997, pp. 19-29

Saving Liberalism's Soul
A review of The Growth of the Liberal Soul by David Walsh
First Things, Nov. 1997, pp. 47-52

The Politic Moralist
A review of Hypocrisy and Integrity: Machiavelli, Rousseau, and the Ethics of Politics by Ruth W. Grant
The New Republic, Sept. 1, 1997, pp. 36-40

Thou Shalt Not Kill
A review of The Curse of Cain: The Violent Legacy of Monotheism by Regina M. Schwartz
The New Republic, June 23, 1997, pp. 41-45

Beyond Pangloss
A review of Leibniz' Universal Jurisprudence: Justice as Charity of the Wise by Patrick Riley
The New Republic, Apr. 7, 1997, pp. 38-41

The Styles of Modern Politics
A review of The Politics of Faith and the Politics of Scepticism by Michael Oakeshott
First Things, Apr. 1997, pp. 38-42

Book Review
A review of Spinoza, Liberalism, and the Question of Jewish Identity by Steven B. Smith
The Wilson Quarterly, Spring 1997, p. 103

The Debating Society
A review of Democracy and Disagreement by Amy Gutmann and Dennis Thompson
The New Republic, Nov. 25, 1996, pp. 36-42

Liberalism's Virtue
Perspectives on Political Science, Fall 1996, pp. 183-191

The Arrogance of Compassion
A review of The Politics of Meaning by Michael Lerner
The Jerusalem Report, Sept. 19, 1996, pp. 59-61

Science Fiction: Postmodernism Exposed
The New Republic, July 1, 1996, pp. 15-16

The Art of Association
A review of The Fragility of Freedom by Joshua Mitchell
The New Republic, June 24, 1996, pp. 44-49

The Religion of Democracy
A review of John Dewey and the High Tide of American Liberalism by Alan Ryan
The Public Interest, Winter 1996, pp. 133-139

Communitarian Criticisms and Liberal Lessons
A review of Communitarianism and Its Critics by Daniel A. Bell, Looking Backward by Derek Phillips, and Liberals and Communitarians by Stephen Mulhall and Adam Swift
The Responsive Community, Fall 1995, pp. 54-64

Friends of Liberalism Should be Grateful
A review of Passions and Constraint by Stephen Holmes
The Boston Book Review, Sept. 1995, pp. 5-6

Rediscovering Liberalism
A review of An Intellectual History of Liberalism by Pierre Manent
The Boston Book Review, Mar. 1995, pp. 12, 14

Liberal Zealotry
A review of The Anatomy of Antiliberalism by Stephen Holmes
Yale Law Journal 103, pp. 1363-1382

Nietzsche's Ethics of History
Review of Politics, Winter 1994, pp. 6-27

Book Review
A review of We the People, Vol. 1: Foundations by Bruce Ackerman
Eighteenth Century Studies, Summer 1993, pp. 692-697

The Correspondence of I and Thou
A review of The Letters of Martin Buber, eds. Nahum N. Glatzer and Paul Mendes-Flohr, trans. Richard and Clara Winston and Harry Zohn
The Forward, Nov. 20, 1992, pp. 9, 11

Book Review
A review of Nietzsche and the Politics of Aristocratic Radicalism by Bruce Detwiler
Political Theory, Nov. 1991, pp. 683-687

Toward a Feminist Orthodoxy
A review of Toward a Feminist Theory of the State by Catharine MacKinnon
Yale Journal of Law and the Humanities 3, pp. 301-314

On the Laws Governing Free Spirits and Philosophers of the Future
Yale Law Journal 100, pp. 701-722

Reconstructing Nietzsche as Progressive
A review of Nietzsche and Political Thought by Mark Warren
Review of Politics, Fall 1989, pp. 623-628

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